There are approximately 15 native oak trees of South Carolina, according to the Clemson Extension. Oak trees are known for their extreme heights, unique acorns and hardwood. Oak trees produce both male and female flowers that use the wind to self-pollinate. Gardeners can landscape with native oak trees for this region since the soil-type requirements vary greatly, depending on the type of tree selected.
1. White Oak Tree:
The White oak tree is a hardwood native to South Carolina. Manufacturers build furniture and flooring from this tree. According to the Clemson Extension, some White oak trees live up to 600 years. An interesting fact about the White oak is that no acorns will appear until the tree is a minimum of 20 years old. According to the Illinois State Museum, White oak was used by American Indians for medicinal purposes to cure a variety of ailments.
2. Scarlet or Spanish Oak Trees:
The Scarlet or Spanish oak tree does well for challenging landscaping projects in poor soils in South Carolina. According to Clemson Extension, the leaves of the tree gave it the name. They turn scarlet red during the fall and the leaf shape resembles a Spanish dagger. This tree requires well-drained but moist acidic soil to grow quickly. According to the Department of Natural Resources, Scarlet oak trees can reach a mature height of up to 70 feet.
3. Swamp Chestnut Oak Tree:
The Swamp Chestnut oak tree is well-known for growing well in standing water and very moist soil conditions in soggy areas of South Carolina. Like other oaks, this tree can reach a mature height of approximately 70 feet. It does well in many soil types, and young trees will grow in shady areas. Mature and older trees prefer full sun. Cows enjoy eating the acorns from this tree.
4. Other Oak Trees of South Carolina:
There is a large collection of other oak trees native to South Carolina. According to the Clemson Extension, Southern Red, Turkey, Laurel, Overcup, Blackjack, Water, Willow, Chestnut, Northern Red, Post, Black and Live oak trees are native to South Carolina.