Learning a language is a slow process and a person can only develop his skills over a period of time. It is not like completing an overnight project, at the end of which one would have full command over a language. One has to break his time into smaller chunks for studying, as research shows that linguistic students learn more effectively when they study  frequently, with intervals rather than studying for prolonged periods. The pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary of any language are the basic and the most essential aspects which should be borne in mind. It requires full interest, wholeheartedness, constant devotion and dedication and an urge to learn in order to learn a new language.

1. Identify your purpose. It is important to keep in mind the purpose behind your wanting to learn languages. The purpose can be anything like for emigration, family and friends, research, studying abroad, intellectual curiosity, revitalizing or reviving your mother language, religion, culture or travel. According to a quote, “Learning a new language and culture increases the size of your selection pool.” So learning a new language opens up a lot of possibilities.

2. Choosing the language to learn. This depends upon the availability of the means and resources for learning the language. Choosing of the language to learn can also depend on demand, usefulness, and how closely related your native tongue is with the foreign language.

3. Prepare your resources. You must have a dictionary and thesaurus, preferably an electronic dictionary as it is portable. A thesaurus will help you the synonyms and antonyms of a word.  Grammar and phrase books are also useful, as they contain various exercises to test and check your skills. Flash cards are also a useful tool, if you regularly see cards that contain a word on one side and its definition on the other side. You can even create some by your own and build up a strong vocabulary.

4. Decide the best possible way to study. After having decided as to which language should be learned, you have to figure out the best possible way to study. The common languages are easier to learn, due to the availability of materials and resources. Uncommon languages are a bit difficult due to the confined and limited resources and availability of data. These days, you can sign up for online language tutorials, in which you can chat with a language tutor using a web camera.

5. Practice pronunciation. If your objective is just to read and write in a particular language, then the pronunciation does not really matter. But in case if you need to read or communicate with foreigners, you have to practice the delivery of the sentences and correct your accent. Remember bad accents give rise to confusion and bad impressions on the listeners.

6. Build up your vocabulary. Once you have a firm hold on the pronunciation and basic grammar, you can focus on learning of new words by associating the familiar words with the unfamiliar words. Try to find out the meanings of the words of foreign language in the language you already know. Your dictionary is the most important tool for this purpose.

7. You can only understand and comprehend a language when you are familiar with the grammar, syntax, and context. The best way to learn a new language is through constant practice, which therefore means using the language in a conversational setting. First determine your need, then see if the language you want to learn is easily accessible, and then go for some tutorials.

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